Economic and social inequality in rural East Africa

the present as a clue to the past by G. N. Kitching

Publisher: Centre for Development Studies, University of Swansea in Swansea

Written in English
Published: Pages: 65 Downloads: 597
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  • Africa, East,
  • Africa, East.


  • Income distribution -- Africa, East.,
  • Farm income -- Africa, East.,
  • Africa, East -- Rural conditions.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Statement[by] G. N. Kitching.
SeriesMonograph - Centre for Development Studies, University College of Swansea ; no. 1, Monograph (University College of Swansea. Centre for Development Studies) ;, no. 1.
LC ClassificationsHC517.E23 I55
The Physical Object
Pagination[1], ii, 65, [1] leaves :
Number of Pages65
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4615549M
LC Control Number77379613

  South Africans go to the polls on 8 May with, the gap between the rich and the poor set to be a key issue. It is Africa's most industrialised economy - but it is also one of the world's most unequal.   Economic Inequality Is a Major Obstacle to Growth in South Africa Haroon Bhorat is a professor of economics and the director of the Development Policy Research Unit at the University of Cape Town. Poverty and Inequality in South Africa Current trends, issues and future policy options economic and social integration of the poorer section of our fellow citizens. Using it as the cut-off for rural households is a bit harsh. In general the MLL is rural areas is Size: 97KB. Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons. It is the differentiation preference of access of social goods in the society brought about by power, religion, kinship, prestige, race, ethnicity, gender, age, sexual .

Kenya is a country in Africa. Although its economy enjoys the leading position in eastern and central Africa, % of its population lives below the poverty severe poverty is mainly caused by an undiversified economy, government corruption, health problems, and a water crisis. The Challenges of Agriculture and Rural Development in Africa: The Case of Nigeria Dr. Nchuchuwe, Friday Francis There are still inequality and poverty particularly in the rural areas. There are a lot of public complaints on the social and economic improvement of rural .   Some of the nation’s worst poverty and inequality, notes Morrill, exist in rural areas. This is particularly true in places like Texas' Rio Grande Valley, Appalachia and large parts of . According to the Gini coefficient, as well as other inequality measurements, South Africa ranks as one of the most unequal countries in the world. Of course, measuring inequality is multidimensional, which particularly applies to South discussions of South Africa, severe economic disparities are often of the country’s inequality stems .

  The Impact Of The Middle East's Fintech Boom On Economic Inequality In The Region Will the new crop of fintech companies increase or decrease the staggering levels of inequality in the region.   Words: Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Economic inequality occurs when there is a gap in the economic well beings of a group of individuals in a given country. In the Arab world, the economic inequality is one of the major factors that leads to the political violence because a discontent generated from a gap has .   UN report on Middle East catalogues widening inequality by between 5 and 11 years depending on economic and social circumstances and geographic location. World Socialist Web Site.   Middle East Africa Inequality Global development with 58% of Syria's poor in the north-east. This may explain why rural governorates have For the scale of the economic and social problems Author: Adam Coutts.

Economic and social inequality in rural East Africa by G. N. Kitching Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Kitching, G.N. Economic and social inequality in rural East Africa. Swansea: Centre for Development Studies, University of Swansea, Social Protection in East Africa: Harnessing the Future was prepared by the Social Cohesion Unit of the OECD Development Centre as part of the European Union Social Protection Systems Programme.

He is an agricultural economist with more than 25 years of experience in food security, undernourishment and social statistics, capacity development (Sahel, Eastern Africa), rural livelihoods, monitoring of indicators for the SDGs, damages and loss from natural and man-made disasters.

Still, 11 of the top 20 countries with the highest likelihood of conflicts are in Africa. Inequality intensity, depicted by the income share of the lowest 10 per cent in the highest 10 per cent of the population, tends to be related positively to the various.

Worse, it is contributing to inequality that will make economic weakness longer-lived, and needlessly contributes to the suffering of the jobless and the poor for many years.” It is evident that economic inequality has had adverse economic, social and political impacts for social stability and cohesion, political participation, poverty reduction, as well as the.

The implication is that positive values that appear in the table indicate higher levels of welfare in urban areas, while negative values indicate higher levels of welfare in rural areas.

** indicates signficance at 99% level of confidence; * at 95% level of confidence; and + at 90% level of confidence. The scale of the inequality crisis has gone too far. Many of the Africa’s poorest and most marginalized communities are already part of this struggle.

The real problem now is deliberating on pertinent issues in the political, social and economic spheres to achieve Africa’s collective goals of sustainable development and transformation.

While many would argue that Islam is the cause of the gender inequality in the Middle East, the Koran does not state that women must remain at home and look after the children (“Global Connections: The Middle East” ). Social policies set by the state impact how women are viewed in society and result in structural gender by: 2.

tion, that is, economic, social and political. Eco-nomic inequality refers to the nature of income distribution between groups. Social dimensions of inequality at the most basic level include differen-tials in people’s physical health and well-being, and their access to livelihood opportunities, as deter-File Size: KB.

Economic inequality is a serious challenge among countries in Africa. In this report, Ugo Aliogo focuses on the Nigerian situation Economic inequality, also known as income inequality, is. South Africa led to distinctive social and economic formations. As a result the configuration of rural poverty and inequality in South Africa is ‘extreme and exceptional’ (Bernstein ).

This paper shows that in Tanzania, economic growth contributes to job creation and employment opportunities, however, it does very little to curb income inequality. Using official data from various local sources compiled by the National Bureau of Statistics Author: Riccardo Pelizzo.

In addition to the rapidly changing population dynamics, socio-economic inequality is also an increasing trend in Africa, meaning that more and more rural communities are likely to be left behind Author: MOHAMED AW-DAHIR.

A central challenge facing the South African government is how to build a modern and vibrant economy that is outwardly oriented and internationally competitive, while simultaneously addressing the massive backlogs in access to social and economic services.

Economic and social inequality mix and match to complicate the picture. But a lot of social inequality is unnecessary, particularly when it takes the awful form of snobbery.

Economic policy is not only creating extreme inequality, but also holding back women's economic empowerment. For example, despite 96% of Kenya’s rural women population working on farms, only 6% of the women in Kenya hold a title to land.

Time for reform. Extreme inequality is not inevitable, it is a matter of political choice. Uneven odds, unequal outcomes: inequality of opportunity in the Middle East and North Africa (English) Perceptions of eroding living standards and low life satisfaction are widespread in the Middle East and North Africa region today, along with pessimism about prospects for economic by: 4.

First, economic growth accompanied by a rise in income inequality will reduce the growth-poverty elasticity (defined as the sensivity of poverty reduction to a rise in economic growth) of a country. Put simply, income inequality is Author: Haroon Bhorat. Godfrey Chesang’, in an essay ‘Migration in East Africa: past, present and prognosistitled ’ published by SID insuggests that liberalization of East Africa economies saw ’s the decline of rural development support and facilitated the rural urban push.

thus This view was echoed byFile Size: KB. Despite the drop in inequality, there are significant rural-urban, wealth and gender disparities, particularly in health outcomes, according to a new report from the ECA.

The study was commissioned by the ECA as part of its Africa-wide project on " Promoting Equality: Strengthening the Capacity of Select Developing Countries to Design and Implement Equality. Urban-rural Divide in Egypt (All Governorates) 41 Importance of the “Between” (Rural/Urban) Component in Overall Inequality 42 Urban-Rural Divide in Egypt in Mixed Governorates, 43 Gini in Urban and Rural Areas (Governorates) 45 Real Per Capita Income, –09 47 Real Income Change between and This paper explores the relationships between openness, poverty and inequality in Africa.

The analysis begins with a review of social development on the continent sincefollowed by a Author: Alemayehu Geda. Economic inequalities are only part of the picture.

Across Africa, health, education, social welfare and many other aspects of human well-being are also marked by wide disparities. Building on an Integrated Inequality Dataset for sub-Saharan Africa (IID-SSA) the study explores the dynamics and complexities of income inequality to assert that seven outlier countries (South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Central African Republic, Comoros and Lesotho), all of which are marked by the concentration of land and socio.

East Africa is among regions on the continent that are most vulnerable to political and social upheavals, according to the report. It further notes that current policies have not proved effective at speeding up job creation in productive sectors, and that participation in the wealth accumulated over the past decade is limited, calling into question the effectiveness of the bloc’s economic.

7. Determinants of the evolution of inequality in Africa. To further answer the above question of why inequality is high in Africa, Bigsten () appeals to the colonial-origins school of thought that today’s high level of inequality can be traced back to the colonial era when a dual economic structure was created in most African countries Cited by: 5.

"Class, Race and Inequality in South Africa" shows how the "distributional regime" in South Africa has created one of the most unequal societies on earth.

The book is is a good example of what's right and what's wrong with modern social by:   The linkage between the socio-economic inequality and HIV outcomes was analysed using data from a population-based household survey that employed multistage-stratified sampling. The goal is to help refocus attention on how HIV is linked to inequalities.

A socio-economic index (SEI) score, derived using Multiple Correspondence Analysis of Cited by: Africa’s affection economy In much of Africa the family is bank, business and welfare state Sharing is central to economic life Middle East & Africa Dec 12th edition.

Social difference in Africa. Social and economic policies favored by the colonial state men generally. Since independence, the role differences in men and women, and even the laws as a result of greater. Thus, women lag behind others in education, literacy, and in getting good jobs.

Economic inequality in Nigeria has reached extreme levels, despite being the largest economy in Africa. The country has an expanding economy with abundant human capital and the economic potential to lift millions out of poverty. They claim that economic liberalism, where reduction of business regulations and decline of union membership are inevitable, is a cause of economic inequality [15].

In their analysis of the effects of Anglo-American neoliberal policies, their conclusion is that “the U.S. economic and social model is associated with substantial levels of.It discusses the nature and measurement of poverty and inequality, the macro-economic context, the labor market, infrastructure services, the spatial context, livelihoods and assets, policy conclusions, and other dimensions.

Distributed in the US by St. Martin's Press. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ().